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朱利亚尼~《英雄奏鸣曲》古典曲谱(无水印)龙杯吉他·制谱

龙杯吉他 2022-07-13 07:49:55


西班牙吉他女神雷秋娜(Paola Requena)


塔里克·哈博Tariq Harb

The one-movement Sonata Eroica, Op. 150, is one of only three sonatas composed by Giuliani, the others being Op. 15 and Op. 61. Living in Vienna had given him plenty of opportunity to study the work of classical masters such as Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven, but whether because he felt that the variations form suited the guitar better than the sonata form, or whether he simply preferred, like Sor, to adapt the sonata form to his own musical needs, he chose not to emulate the great classical masters. Sonata Eroica was published posthumously by Ricordi in 1840. Its dedicatee was Giuliani’s old friend Filippo Isnardi. It could well be the “Gran Sonata Eroica” that Giuliani described to Ricordi in 1821 as a piece “of large volume and never before heard”. Analysts, however, have found stylistic inconsistencies in the work. One explanation could be that Ricordi found someone to finish the work after Giuliani’s death in 1829. On the other hand, Giuliani did refer in his letter to Ricordi to “a style never before known”. Beethoven had composed his Eroica Symphony seventeen years earlier, in 1804. The story of how it was originally dedicated to Napoleon is well known: Beethoven indignantly tore out the title-page when he learned that the Corsican soldier had proclaimed himself emperor. There is nothing particularly heroic about Giuliani’s sonata, though the scale of the single movement entitles it to an honoured place among other essays in the form.


       这部单乐章的奏鸣曲是朱利亚尼的三部奏鸣曲作品之一,其他两部编号是Op.15和Op.61号。生活在维也纳使得朱利亚尼有大量的机会研究古典音乐大师们的作品,包括海顿、莫扎特和贝多芬等。不过,也许是因为朱利亚尼觉得变奏曲形式比奏鸣曲形式更适合于吉他,也许是因为他像索尔一样只是偏好于在需要的时候才使用奏鸣曲式,因此朱利亚尼并没有模仿伟大的古典音乐大师们那样去创作。

       英雄奏鸣曲直到1841年才由Ricordi公司出版,献给朱利亚尼的老朋友Filippo Isnardi。但在1821年创作时,朱利亚尼对Ricordi的描述是“英雄大奏鸣曲”,一支规模庞大、此前未听过的作品”。不过,分析家们发现,这部作品的前后风格并不一致,一个解释是Ricordi发现有人在朱利亚尼1829年去世后续写完成的作品。另一方面,朱利亚尼的确在给Ricordiv的信中提到“以前未听过的风格”。就在十七年前的1804年,贝多芬创作了《英雄交响曲》,,这是众所知周的。不过,,气愤地撕掉了作品的标题页。关于朱利亚尼英雄奏鸣曲的故事,并没有特别之处,尽管这部单乐章作品的标题似有所指,即其他文献中提及的一个著名的地方。(王建国/译)

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